A LSC is similar to a large, flat optical fiber with luminescent species embedded within. They effectively capture light from all directions, downshift it to a longer wavelength, and guide the downshifted light to the edges of the matrix. The Kortshagen Group is researching ways to create silicon nanocrystal-based LSC devices through gas phase-deposition, solution-based spin coating, spray coating, and/or bulk polymerization of the nanocrystals (NC’s) directly in transparent polymers like PMMA.
The goal is to reduce light losses as much as possible by maintaining the Si NC's high ~60% downshifting efficiency, reducing scattering losses caused by a rough surface, and maintaining high stability of all device components. Silicon has the benefit of low overlap between absorption and emission spectra, reducing losses due to reabsorption, which is a major hurdle for other LSC fluorescent materials studied today. Different surface chemistries of Si NCs also lend themselves to different LSC preparation methods and wave guiding materials which must be explored.